During the pregnancy period, there are a lot of changes that occur to your body. You can expect your baby to grow, as well as your stomach, brain and other parts of your body. Having the correct information about your pregnancy is important in order to make the most of your pregnancy.
During a prenatal visit, your healthcare provider will take a look at your weight gain, blood count, and fundal height. They will also examine your uterus and check your baby’s heartbeat.
At 28 weeks, your baby is about 19 inches long. They weigh around 6 to 9 pounds. The fetal growth rate is about one half pound a week.
Your healthcare provider will ask you about symptoms you are experiencing, including morning sickness, constipation, and swelling. They may also ask about vaginal discharge and bleeding.
You should have at least one prenatal visit every two to four weeks. Depending on your health, you may have more frequent visits. You may need to visit more often to manage high-risk conditions, such as gestational diabetes, anemia, and pre-eclampsia.
If your pregnancy is high-risk, your provider will likely offer additional genetic testing, such as amniocentesis, which involves the injection of a substance to test for genetic abnormalities. You may also be offered additional prenatal care, such as social services, if needed.
Changes in your body
During the 28th week of pregnancy, your baby’s head begins to take up more space. Its hair starts to grow, too. You may also notice the baby’s eyebrows are fully developed.
This week is also the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy. The third trimester is the time when your baby’s senses and brain start to develop. It’s also the time when you feel more tired and uncomfortable.
Some of the symptoms you’ll notice during this trimester are backache, heartburn, swollen feet, and nausea. Some women will also experience indigestion, leg cramps, and hemorrhoids.
The best part about this trimester is that you’ll have more control over your pregnancy. You’ll be able to do things like drink chamomile tea, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
You’ll also be able to see your baby grow with a 3D interactive tool. It’s free and endorsed by the American Pregnancy Association.
This trimester is also the time when your baby’s eyes open. They begin to respond to changes in light and can see and hear. You’ll also be able to feel your baby move around under your skin.
Your baby’s brain
During pregnancy, your baby’s brain grows and develops at a rapid rate. It has 100 billion neurons which form an elaborate messaging network. It is also one of the most complex biological systems.
The neural tube begins to form at week five of pregnancy. It eventually gives rise to the brain, spinal cord, and hindbrain. The fetal nervous system consists of the spinal cord, the brain, and the nerves.
The brain stem is the part of the brain in charge of vital functions. It controls breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
The cerebellum is a part of the brain responsible for motor control and balance. It also serves as a storage area for memory. In the first few years of life, the brain steadily matures.
The brain will start to become more complex during the second trimester. The fetus will also experience the formation of glia, the first neural cells that will differentiate into neurons.
Your baby’s stomach
During the 28th week of pregnancy, your baby will be 14.8 inches long and weighs 2.2 pounds. He or she will be about the size of a Kit-Cat Klock. During the next two months, your baby will continue to gain weight.
During the second trimester, your baby’s eyes will be open and eyelashes will begin to grow. In addition to eyelashes, your baby’s eyebrows will be visible.
Your baby’s lungs are also maturing, though they may still be immature. You can start to hear your baby’s heartbeat for the first time when you are about 10 weeks pregnant. If your partner puts an ear to your bump, you can even hear your baby’s heartbeat.
Your baby’s brain is developing fast, but it isn’t quite ready to take up more space in your skull. This is a crucial week, as the cerebrum will begin to develop deep grooves on its surface.
Your baby’s eyes are now almost completely blue. You can now see his or her fingers and toes, and their fingernails have begun to grow.